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Sinus Infections

A sinus infection is caused by the inflammation of the paranasal sinuses on either side of the nose. This inflammation could either be caused by allergies or caused by bacteria or virus.

The mucus in the sinuses normally drains into the nasal passages. However, during a cold or an allergy attack, histamines cause the sinuses to inflame and block up the passages, making the mucus collect there. Histamines are chemicals produced during allergic reactions.

The collected mucus becomes a breeding ground for bacteria. These, then, form the building blocks for an infection.

A sinus infection could last for three weeks or more. Sinus infection normally occurs after a common cold, and its symptoms are headache, facial pain, nasal congestion, fever, green or yellow discharge from the nose, a heavy face feeling, etc

Allergies, smoking, deviated septum and other such structural problems, nasal polyps, etc., can lead to a bout of sinus infection.

Painkillers such as aspirin or paracetamol tablets, steam inhalation, nasal irrigation, hot drinks, such as tea or chicken soup, and decongestants are some of the treatment methods used to cure sinus infections. All of these measures when used should be backed up with plenty of rest. If the infection continues for more than 48 hours, antibiotics or nasal steroids should be used. Sinusitis could develop into bronchitis and pneumonia, if not properly treated. Chronic sinusitis could damage the sinuses and the cheekbones. You would then have to go for nasal surgery to repair the damage.

Sinus infection lasting for more than three months or recurring frequently is called chronic. Some bacteria are immune to certain antibiotics. Antibiotic resistance can be prevented by exactly following the antibiotic dosage prescribed by the doctor. The course must be completed, even though symptoms disappear before.

Should medical treatment fail, or nasal obstruction persists, surgery should be resorted to. Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS) is considered the most efficient sinus surgery. The surgery uses an endoscope with which the surgeon can look directly into the nose to remove diseased tissue and polyps and clear the narrow channels.

Sinusitis can be prevented by using an oral decongestant or a short course of nasal spray decongestant, especially before air travel, gently blowing the nose by blocking one nostril and blowing through the other, drinking lots of fluids to keep the nasal discharge thin and using antihistamines to control allergy attacks. Allergy testing can also increase tolerance towards allergy-inducing substances.

Allergic reactions that lead to sinusitis are often caused by the overreaction of the immune system. The immune system goes awry because of several factors, including the increasing presence of toxins in the environment.

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Relaxation techniques to relieve stress

For many relax is synonymous to sit watching TV doing nothing after a stressful day. However, this does not help to reduce the effects of stress. To effectively combat stress, we need to activate the response of natural relaxation of the body, which is achieve through the cialis en ligne practice of relaxation techniques like deep breathing, meditation, rhythmic exercise or yoga.

Certain level of stress is necessary for life: to awaken the creativity, to encourage learning and the survival. Stress becomes dangerous when it disrupts the healthy state of balance to the nervous system needs.

Unfortunately, excessive stress has become an increasingly common feature of contemporary life. When stress factors unbalanced nervous system, relaxation techniques can help us restore balance to produce the response of relaxation, a State of deep calm that is the polar opposite of the stress response.

When stress increases the nervous system is overload with chemicals that prepare the body for fight or flight, so that the same response to stress that can save us the life in emergencies where you need to act quickly, can be very damaging when it is check constantly by the tensions of everyday life. The relaxation response holds this high State of readiness and leads to the body and mind to a State of equilibrium.

There are various relaxation techniques can help the nervous system to find the balance by producing the relaxation response. Learn the basics of these techniques of relaxation is not difficult, but it takes practice. Most experts recommend practicing relaxation techniques between 10 and 20 minutes minimum to relieve stress.

There is a relaxation technique in particular that is best for all. When choosing a relaxation technique, you should consider each one’s specific needs, preferences, their physical condition and the way to respond to stress.

o Deep breathing and meditation

Deep breathing is a simple, but powerful, technique for relaxation. It is easy to learn, it can be practiced almost anywhere and provides a quick way to have high levels of stress under control.

Deep breathing is the cornerstone of many relaxation techniques and can combined with other elements of relaxation such as aromatherapy and music.

Breathe deeply from the abdomen; get as much air as possible is the key to deep breathing. Deep breathing allows you to inhale more oxygen, and the greater is the amount of oxygen minor is inhale is the tension and there is less feeling of anxiety and shortness of breath.

To take a deep breath, sit comfortably with your back straight and placed a hand on your chest and the other in the stomach. Breathe through your nose and feels like the hand you have on the stomach is lift. The hand that is on the chest should move very little. Then, exhale slowly through your mouth, pushing the air as much as you can while you get the abdominal muscles. The hand on your stomach should move in to exhale, but your other hand should move very little. Continue by inhaling through the nose and exhaling through the mouth.

If you find it difficult to breathe as well as he sat, try to lie down on the ground. Put a small book on your stomach and try to breathe so the book rise as you inhale and lower when you exhale.

o Progressive muscle relaxation

Progressive muscle relaxation involves a two-step process in which must be tighten and systematically relax different muscle groups.

With regular practice, progressive muscle relaxation offers an intimate familiarity with what tension and relaxation to feel them independently in different parts of the body. This knowledge helps to detect and counteract the first symptoms of muscle tension that accompanies stress. In addition, as the body relaxes the mind relax.

Deep breathing with progressive muscle relaxation can combined to get an extra level of stress relief. If you have any muscle, problems you should consult a physician before practicing of relaxation.

Different paths can followed to practice progressive muscle relaxation. Most of the people who are practice this technique begin with feet and are progressively advancing to the face.

It is important to have comfortable clothes that do not tighten and remove your shoes to get a relaxation complete. Start breathing slowly and deeply to remove the maximum possible voltage and concentrate. When you are ready / a, start by putting attention on one foot to feel it completely. Contracts the muscles of the foot as possible and keep contraction while you count to ten, and then relax it.

Concentrate on feeling is, see how is that foot after feeling the prolonged contraction. Keep your concentration while you breathe slowly and deeply a few seconds. When ready make the same thing with the other foot, progress continues by groups muscle up the face.

o Body scan

The body scan is similar to progressive muscle relaxation only, instead of tighten and relax the muscles, just focus on the sensations in each part of the body.

o Mindfulness or mindfulness

Mindfulness or mindfulness is the ability to remain aware of what you are feeling at this time both internally and externally. To stay calm and focus on the present moment must bring the nervous system back to a State of equilibrium. Mindfulness can applied to activities such as walking, exercising or eating, but the most common is to apply it to meditation.

To apply mindfulness must consider some points to get key focuses attention.

A quiet environment. Choose a place where you can relax without distractions or interruptions.

A comfortable position. Make yourself comfortable, but not lie down.

A focal point. This point can be internal – a feeling or a something external or imaginary – scene – a flame or a significant word or phrase that is repeated throughout the session-. You can focus with the eyes open or closed. You can also choose to focus on an object in your environment to improve your concentration.

An observer, non-critical attitude. Do not worry about distractions that go through your mind or think about the fact of doing it right or wrong. If thoughts intrude in your relaxation session, you cannot fight against them. Instead, gently turn your attention to your focus point.

o Display

The display is a variation of the traditional meditation requiring that use not only the sense of sight, but also the sense of taste, touch, smell and ear. When used as a relaxation, visualization acheter viagra technique involves imagining a scenario in which you feel at peace, and with total freedom to let go of all tension and anxiety.

To practice visualization should find a quiet and relaxed place. Beginners sometimes you fall asleep during a meditation of the display, so if you have not done so it is never best you do it sitting / to.

Close your eyes and let your worries disappear. A quiet music helps a lot in these cases. Imagine that you are in a place of rest, the one you want. You have to see it, smell it, hear it, and play it. The display works best if many sensory details are incorporate as possible, using at least three of the senses. When viewing, select the images that you attract to you, regardless of which more or less attractive to others. No one else is on your mind, so feel free to choose. Leave your own images to move into your head and feel everything that you bring: smells, sensations, sounds, etc.

Enjoy the sensation of deep relaxation and let you wrap as you slowly explore your resting place. When you are ready, gently open your eyes and the present without rushing.

o Yoga and tai chi

Yoga combines specific positions with deep breaths. In addition to reducing anxiety and stress, yoga can also improve flexibility, strength, balance, and resistance. Practiced regularly can strengthen the response of relaxation in everyday life. To avoid injury it is learn attending group classes or hiring a private tutor.

Tai chi consists of carrying out a series of movements that flow slowly, each at their own pace. These movements emphasize the concentration, relaxation and circulation aware of vital energy throughout the body. Although relaxation techniques, rooted in the martial arts, tai chi, currently practiced primarily as a way to calm the mind, condition the body and reduce stress. As in Mindfulness, tai chi practitioners focus on your breathing and keep your attention in the present moment. Tai chi is a safe, low impact option for people of all ages and fitness levels, including older people and people recovering from injuries.

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About Generalized Anxiety Disorder GAD

GAD or Generalized anxiety disorder is a psychological state that is related to the set of anxiety disorders. Anxiety is the main feature of this psychological disorder. This type of disorder can be developed in persons of any age and it is about two times more common in women than men. Several kinds of treatments exist for dealing with this condition, conditional on the patient’s particular needs.

Persons with generalized anxiety disorder constantly feel worried and anxious about everything yet nothing in particular. They feel as if they have to constantly be ready for catastrophe and continuously worry about money, social situations and others. Some persons with this disorder get panic attacks along with other indications of serious stress. These may result in anxiety because the individual may experience discomfort in public with the worry that a panic attack will occur.

Other symptoms include insomnia, fatigue, impatience, restlessness, nausea, irritability and overly sweating. Some patients may only display low level anxiety but for others, generalized anxiety disorder result in a severe anxiety level and because of this, the patient can hardly live an active and normal life. If this goes on for over six months, the individual has to be treated. A psychiatrist may provide a diagnosis and give the patient treatment options.

There are a number of medications that can help with this anxiety disorder and these include anti-anxiety drugs (control the anxiety plus the symptoms related to anxiety) as well as antidepressants for helping the patient to get to a more stable mental state. It is reported that GAD is originated in the brain as problems involving neurotransmitters and chemical balancing in the brain. It is believed that medications can aid in restoring a more regular level of the chemical to allow the patient to feel comfortable.

Another treatment for generalized anxiety disorder is psychotherapy. A psychotherapist might help the patient to find out what is the original cause of this type of anxiety and also to deal with particular issues and situations like the wish to have the ability to socialize with others. Psychotherapy may be used as a substitute or in addition to medication, depending on the individual and the treatment technique of the psychiatrist that the patient sees.

Of the internalizing disorders like obsessive compulsive disorder, social phobia, post traumatic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder is said to be frequently diagnosed by comparing it with the others. The disorder can be managed by the adoption of a healthy lifestyle, talking to others, and counselling.

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How To Choose The Best Infertility Treatment?

In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) and Intra Cytoplasmic Injection (ICSI) are two of the most common methods used to treat infertility when less expensive options have failed. Both procedures are almost similar. The major difference between the two procedures is with IVF once the sperm is introduced to the eggs in Petri dish, there is no further intervention whereas with ICSI, the sperm cell is carefully selected and injected into the egg.

IVF is used to overcome female infertility in the woman because of problems of the fallopian tube. The woman goes through ovarian stimulation and several eggs are taken to be put in a Petri dish to be fertilized by the sperms. While the embryos are still in the lab, IVF specialists can improve the ability of the embryos to implant in the womb.

IVF can be done although the woman has already gone through menopause. IVF can be used for surrogacy when the woman providing the egg isn’t the one who will carry the pregnancy to term. The fact that IVF can be done with a couple’s own eggs and sperms or with donor eggs, sperm or embryos can enable unmarried individuals, homosexual, or same sex couples have children.

However, if the couples wish to use the husband’s sperm but the man has either a low sperm count or poor quality of the sperm then Intra-Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI), is the solution. The eggs are retrieved using the same method as in IVF. However, the eggs and the sperm will be fertilized in the laboratory by injecting a single sperm into each egg.

The fertilization rate per egg using ICSI is about 70% despite the sperm being poor quality or quantity. The resulting embryos will be placed into the womb just as with IVF. The fertilization rate per infertile couple is over 99% if the wife has enough eggs, and the pregnancy rate per treatment cycle is over 50%. This technique is very cost-effective, and it has the equal opportunity of getting pregnant as any couple with normal sperm. (Advance Fertility Center of Chicago)

ICSI is the only opportunity for a man who is otherwise considered absolutely sterile and those who have had a vasectomy to get their wives pregnant. Without ICSI, they have to opt for donor sperm. Only a small number of weak sperm is more than enough to micro surgically inject these few sperm into his wife’s eggs, fertilize them normally, and get her pregnant. A testicle biopsy can also be conducted and if a few non-moving sperms are obtained, ICSI technique can be carried out.

In fact, many fertility centers are performing ICSI for all IVF cycles to obtain better fertilization rates and better results even when the husband’s sperm count is not impaired. The success rate of ICSI and IVF method are almost the same. Overall, IVF is cheaper than ICSI because it requires less laboratory work. Depending on the nature of a couple’s infertility and preferences, the specialist will recommend either the IVF or ICSI.

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Wahls Of Wellness In Arlington Heights Provides Effective Solution For Fertility Problems Using Acupuncture

For over 2000 years, acupuncture has been used to effectively resolve infertility problems in China. This safe, holistic procedure is now available to Chicago area couples through the Wahls of Wellness clinic. The Arlington Heights fertility therapy providers make it possible for women and men with reproductive disorders to maximize the chances of conceiving a healthy baby.

According to ancient Chinese medicine, the life force or vital energy called Qi circulates through defined pathways in the body. Health problems tend to occur when Qi is blocked or imbalanced. Acupuncture can increase fertility by affecting the quantity, quality and flow of Qi so that it nourishes cells, tissue and organs involved in reproduction.

An acupuncturist inserts ultra-thin needles into precisely mapped points on the skin. Patients are often pleasantly surprised to discover that there is no pain involved. Any mild discomfort or tingling quickly dissipates and some people even forget that the needles are inserted. Patients generally find the experience to be comfortable and soothing.

Acupuncture stimulates the follicles in the ovaries to produce healthier eggs. It also increases the flow of blood to the uterus. The lining of womb becomes thicker, the embryonic environment is enhanced and the chances of an egg implanting are increased. As acupuncture calms tension, it lowers levels of certain stress hormones which can inhibit reproductive function.

The most common reproductive problems experienced by men can often be resolved through acupuncture. It boosts sperm counts and improves sperm motility. It also significantly increases the percentage of viable sperm produced by enhancing sperm structure and quality.

The Arlington Heights fertility therapy acupuncturist supports couples who are undergoing assisted reproductive techniques by collaborating with their reproductive endocrinologists. Acupuncture helps to decrease undesirable side effects or complications from invasive procedures and prescription drugs. It also enhances overall well being to increase the effectiveness of modern medical interventions.

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What details should keep in mind before taking kamagra?

Kamagra is a kind of medication which is given to those men who are suffering from erectile dysfunction and this helps in drive their sexual life. It is a kind of drug and if anyone is thinking to consume it then make sure that you are having enough information about and a proper body examination test. This will help in identifying either to take the medication or not as it suits to their body or not.

Majority of folks are looking for the answer of kamagra vs cialis and if you also want the same then remember that both are made to boost up the feelings and help in having a better sexual time with their partners. If you want to deal with your erectile dysfunction issue then with the help of both the medication, it can be deal up easily.


No doubt that kamagra helps in dealing with ED but along with this, this leaves many harmful effects on the body also. If you want to take right decision about the consumption of this drug then it is important to have information about every side, its good usage and the harmful effects also. So the side-effects of taking kamagra are:-

 Dizziness, headache and upset stomach

These three problems are common after taking kamagra and can happen to every human body. This is the effect which will happen on the body but not harm much. If you want to deal with this issue then keep this thing in mind that when you will get up, rise up slowly after the sitting and lying position. This will help in lighten up the headache.

Allergic reactions

After taking kamagra, it can cause some allergic reactions also to the body. Sometimes, it cause some serious allergic reactions which can cause many major issues to the body. If you will find any allergic symptoms on your body after taking the pills and jelly then all upon the doctor immediately to deal with the issue.

What precautions to take?

Have you heard about precautions and better than cure phrase? So if you are thinking to take kamagra then make sure that you will consult with the doctor first and get a full body examination also. Tell doctor or the supervisor about the medical history and current problems of body  in details so that doctor will easily guide you about the consumption of drug will be good or not.

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Erectile dysfunction medicine and the safe ways to buy it!

Men and women that suffer from the problem with erectile dysfunction and feel unhappy and unsure in relationships can use popular medicine like Viagra. Sexual frustration and other sex-related diseases can be cured with medicine as this makes the penis work in a proper way. First of all, it is important to have a healthy lifestyle and get rid of all the stress, depression, alcohol, and smoking and from the consumption of drugs.

It is important to satisfy your partner in bed, and one that is having a problem with erectile dysfunction must find out the reasons that have led to it. Erectile dysfunction is mainly caused due to the issue of improper blood circulation. Blood circulation can be improved by using generic Viagra as fill the penis with blood and thus helps in keeping an erection up.

You need to choose the medicine in a careful way so as to escape any fraud if you are ordering it from the Internet. Let us know about some of the ways to purchase Viagra online safely:-

  1. Make use of credit card

People are opting to shop online more nowadays, and the fraudsters are making use of this to steal the funds. While some organizations are using more technologies to protect the deposits of their clients, and the safest method is to pay using your credit card. Credit cards are safer than the debut ones and provide online fraud protection.

  1. Record details of the purchase

To purchase the Viagra safely, it is better to write down all the details of the purchase. You need to make a record of all the expenses and the balance that has left in your account.

  1. Check your account statement regularly

It is important to be aware of all the deposits and the transactions that are made in the pact and know about the tax you are charged. You must watch your money and be safe.

  1. Don’t buy Viagra using public computers

You need to be aware of all the safety precautions, and if buying the medicine online, then you must not buy it from public computers. They might get your personal information about you and your card and will be unsafe.

It is better to buy the medicine in various safe ways so as to keep your personal information and bank details safe if trying to buy online.


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How to Lose Weight Online

There are many ways in which to lose weight and making good use of the Internet is an excellent resource for finding the information that you need. Of course it is not all good information and it takes some patience to sift through the masses of pages to find the gems that exist. But exist they do and when you do find them, your chances of successfully losing weight increase considerably, because one of the main aspects of succeeding in anything is knowledge.

I’m right energy to come well outside and to still say it people. The weight loss and the physical shape ARE NOT things which you can BUY! They are things which you must GAIN! The truth is that there is no manner simple to lose the weight and to obtain with an adjustment the hard body. You must spend the hours necessary to obtain inside the results necessary in the weight loss, the physical shape, and forces it!

I hear all the time of people and about the weight they feel sorry for what they’re not losing, however they put the train of their bodies to lose the weight. They put it eat right foods to lose the weight. Thus they will buy magic pill of it to help them with their problem of weight. More times than not the pill can help them to throw two or three books, but the hook is that they are not good for your health and generally when they lack their provisioning they finish gaining to the top all the back of weight. These people are lazy. They can’t even make to take the stupid pill long enough to obtain the results, but the truth is them shouldn’t takes the stupid pill to begin par.

Descendes from your lazy end and move you around. You move around much. You move around often. After you obtained in the groove of displacement then move you around while trailing a weight. Made just something! Cease wasting your time, health, and maltreating the health system for people like me and my customers who want to be enthusiastic intrinsically justified physical shape. You have a choice. You can choose to improve or choose not to improve. There is no grey area.

Many are accustomed to wanting to know how to lose weight online and then go too far through the umpteen pages of information that is there. If you read this article and know that of what a little people I speak then satisfy go to far on them too! If you are not sure if you should express an opinion as mine the person you know then I want that you raise yourselves a simple question: Would this person draw benefit from you not saying something to them? Think on that!

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The Master Cleanse Diet tips to weightloss

The #Master#Cleanse#Diet

Is the Master Cleanse Diet for you? There are two reasons why this diet is popular. The first being that people are seeing results, who wouldn’t like that? The results that people are getting are amazing. There are endless testimonials to how well the Master Cleanse diet works.

The second reason that this diet is popular is that it works very fast. The usual time spent on the diet is only 10 days. Compare this to other diets that seem to become a way of life taking over everything. Of course the good thing about the Master Cleanse diet only being on average 10 days is that you don’t need masses of willpower. The need to keep going for months at a time is what makes other diets so hard to follow and stick to.

So what results can you expect when you go on the Master Cleanse Diet? The reason for going on this diet is of course to lose weight. But you can expect to lose it very quickly. And there is a bonus, which you may not have expected. You will have many other health benefits, many more than you will get with other diets. This system was designed over 60 years ago to flush out your system and rid you of the problems that all that gunk inside you is creating. We need this now more than ever with all the junk and processed foods that we eat. Not to mention the pollution that our bodies have to deal with on a daily basis.

When the flushing begins you may be surprised or even shocked at what comes out of your body. Be assured, this is supposed to happen and is a sign that the diet is working. It will smell awful, it will look awful and the texture will look quite weird! Some people think that this diet is just about drinking a lemonade mixture – wrong! There is much more to it than that. If you just try drinking the lemonade you will fail to gain the benefits. There’s a book that you should read so that you will know what the common problems are and how to overcome them.

You will be amazed at how quickly the Master Cleanse Diet restores your body’s natural state. There is no doubt that we abuse our bodies by what we put into it. What animal would survive if it ate the rubbish that we do?

Life expectancy is on the decrease, and this is largely due to the fact that we have polluted our bodies. It takes just 10 days to change that, and this is not magic; it is simply that you flush out all the damaging waste that you have accumulated over many years.

When you follow the link below you will be able to see the full review of the Master Cleanse Diet along with reviews on other diet programs.

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The link between infertility in women and obesity

Old wives’ tales abound regarding the relationship between obesity and infertility, however, the link to obesity at least in females has been established quite some time ago. A study in 1979 examined historical data and medical records of 26,638 women between the ages of 20 and 40 to establish that obesity has a direct association and effect on menstrual abnormalities, including evidence of infertility. (1) In the same study, conducted by researchers for the International Journal of Obesity, it was shown that women with “irregular cycles (…) that lasted longer than 36 days were found to be more than 30 lb. heavier than women with no menstrual abnormalities.” (2) Some of the abnormalities found in obese women were irregular cycles, virile hair growth with facial hair and heavy flow. In fact, a “longer duration of obesity was associated with facial hair,” (3) clearly indicating that obesity has some great effect on hormonal imbalances in the female body.

While the link between obesity and infertility in women is thought to be because of the way insulin (created in the pancreas to normalize blood-sugar levels) reacts with hormones, recent research has shed light on a deeper mechanism than that. Previously, fertility problems in women were linked to a resistance to the hormone insulin. (4) The actual mechanism is a lot more complicated. Obesity is caused by a diet rich in carbohydrates and a lack of exercise. At least this was the case in grain-fattened mice used in the study that this research underpins. (5) Carbohydrates are converted into glucose during digestion and this causes blood-sugar levels to spike. Insulin is normally released into the bloodstream to control the sugar, but if there is always an abundance of glucose in the bloodstream then the insulin has to work extremely hard and is released in greater quantities by the pancreas. Eventually, the body becomes desensitized to the effects of insulin and this is also what causes type 2 diabetes. In the mice used in the study, the insulin also signaled the release of an overabundance of fertility hormones from the pituitary gland and in a similar desensitizing mechanism, led to the infertility issues in the mice. (6) Science Daily calls this effect a “heightened sensitivity to insulin’s effects on the pituitary gland.” (7)

The tie to metabolism established

These studies highlight that the body’s metabolism and fertility are intricately linked, at least in the female body. This supports the idea that a healthy and balanced diet, restricted in the intake of sugar-producing foods, can lead to a balanced natural fertility cycle. The adage, “you are what you eat” takes on a whole new meaning in this light. This study and similar research in the future can lead to treatment of type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome as well as polycystic ovary syndrome, (8) which effects up to one in 10 women. Backing up this information, a Ft. Lauderdale infertility clinic says that they have a “fair amount of patients who are 100 to 150 pounds overweight.” (9) In addition to this, Dr. Ellen Wood, a reproductive endocrinologist working at the South Florida Institute for Reproductive Medicine says that 10-15% of the patients have some sort of weight-related infertility and that they routinely advise their patients to seriously consider weight-loss as a first step to solving these problems.

Obesity and infertility in men

The link between obesity in men and men’s infertility is not so well established, however. A study published in the September 2006 issue of Epidemiology could find a correlation between infertility in men and their obesity levels, however, further studies need to be completed to figure out exactly the mechanism involved, if any. (10) What was discovered though, is that “men with increased body mass index were significantly more likely to be infertile than normal-weight men.” (11) This data was gleaned after factors for the high BMI of the woman, age, cigarette smoking, alcohol intake, and solvent and pesticide exposure were eliminated. (12) The only data the researchers did not have which calls for further study of the exact mechanisms involved is the frequency of sexual intercourse between the farmers researched and their wives. (13) The study does also highlight that reduced semen quality and hormonal imbalances could also be linked to infertility in obese men. (14)

Another study, conducted a year later and published in Endocrinology, Diabetes & Obesity, states that in men, “obesity is associated with low testosterone levels.” (15) The research goes on to say that in “massively obese individuals, reduced spermatogenesis associated with severe hypotestosteronemia may favour infertility.” (16) Erectile dysfunction was also linked to increasing body mass index in the same study. (17) In a similar study, it was shown that body mass index and skinfold thickness are both negatively correlated with testosterone. In other words, the higher the BMI and the thicker the layers of body-fat under the skin, the lower the testosterone levels are. (18) The evidence is clear in this respect – obesity is definitely an infertility factor in otherwise normal men. A further study published in the same journal went on to define that obesity, probably through interaction with hormones, can change sperm parameters and cause erectile dysfunction. (19) Sperm was shown to be both less densely concentrated and less motile. (20)

How to solve infertility caused by obesity

In general, obesity has been shown to have a significant effect on fertility issues in both men and women. This has been shown to happen on a biochemical level, but since hormones and physical appearance also have an effect on psychology there could also be other factors at play that work in tandem with the effects of obesity on the body on the chemical level. The solution, as with all obesity-related disorders, diseases and illnesses, is to lose weight by altering your diet and introducing regular physical exercise to your routine.